The Mississippi baby who seems to have been cured of HIV is another battle won in the decades-long war against the world’s deadliest killer. We can already stop HIV transmission to babies if women who are HIV positive are treated during pregnancy, but treating HIV-positive babies would further block the disease.
To beat this scourge we must aggressively attack all means of HIV transmission. This means promoting condom use, working with intravenous drug users, and expanding access testing and treatment (early treatment stops transmission). It also means ramping up investments in the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria (GFATM). The GFATM works with the poorest nations on the planet to address HIV transmission and deadly TB-HIV co-infection. We will not end this disease without addressing it among the poorest. The U.S. should aggressively fund the GFATM so that other nations will follow suit.