On the issue of gender equity in pay, we hear the data phrased in many ways that are confusing. It is two very different things to say; “Women make 77 cents for every dollar a man makes” or “Women earn 77 cents for every dollar a man makes.” The difference is in the work and the words.
If we compare the average working life span from 25 to 65, for each gender, we find that men are absent the earning cycle 1.4 years on average, compared with women, who over those years average 7.6 years out of the earning cycle. This accounts for much less total money earned over time.
If each employee is paid the same rate for equal work, the woman out of the workplace for that amount of time will obviously earn less, than the man who is there.