The primary cause of wastage in state government is 4,000 unnecessary middle manager positions.
At one time, there were only a very small number of exempt manager positions and everyone else was in classified service. The new manager positions are either completely unneeded or replaced classified positions at much higher pay levels. The new system became the primary mechanism for getting pay raises for state employees during the past two decades.
The new system also led to dual and even triple chain-of-command situations. For example, when fish and game agencies were combined, they kept the centralized structure from one and the regional structure from the other. They then split policy from technical to create yet a third structure. This is how you justify additional highly paid manager positions, and every agency is guilty.
The wastage can only be eliminated if people in charge want it done. The obvious first step is to turn an independent efficiency expert loose with agency organizational charts.
Many state employees are currently buried under a chain-of-command of eight or more steps. Larger agencies have more people in their headquarters than some large corporations. Private companies have had to trim their main office staffs in order to stay in business.
There is no comparable incentive in public agencies and needed cuts can only come from the outside. If decisions are made internally, needed changes will never occur. You are fighting basic human nature — people look after themselves and their friends.