First there was the “fiscal cliff”; now congressional dysfunction has brought the country to the edge of the “highway cliff.” Federal money needed for the nation’s roads and rails will begin disappearing Friday if lawmakers refuse to act.
At first glance, you might blame the standoff on the Senate. The House passed a plan this month that would provide enough cash to push the problem off until next May or so, at which point lawmakers might have sorted out a long-term funding plan for the perpetually strapped Highway Trust Fund. All the Senate had to do was agree to the measure and move on. Instead, senators approved a proposal from Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., Sen. Tom Carper, D-Del., and Sen. Bob Corker, R-Tenn., that would provide funding only through December. The Senate also insisted on paying for its shorter patch with a different combination of revenue sources. House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, responded that the House wouldn’t accept the Senate’s version. Stalemate, once again, at the edge of a policy cliff.
Neither plan represents a long-term fix to the nation’s transportation funding program. Both rely on accounting maneuvers to top up the Highway Trust Fund for a relatively short period of time.
Lawmakers need to drum up the willingness to expand the sensible funding mechanism their predecessors established decades ago: the gasoline tax. Gas tax revenue is devoted to transportation projects, which makes sense. Those who use the roads should pay for them. But Congress hasn’t increased the gas tax in two decades. The simple, efficient solution for the Highway Trust Fund is to raise the gas tax and index it to inflation, which would shore up the fund for a long time. If Congress doesn’t pass it now, it should do so immediately after the November elections, when lawmakers will have less reason to pander to constituents.
That’s the reason to support the Senate’s shorter-term patch, which would force a transportation debate in this Congress’ lame-duck session. House leaders instead want to pass their original bill anew and force the Senate to accept it. If House Republicans want to quibble over how the patch is funded, fine. But they shouldn’t insist on kicking the can any farther down the road than the end of the year.