Living

Today in history

n In 1821, the first native-born American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, died in Emmitsburg, Md.

n In 1896, Utah was admitted as the 45th state.

n In 1904, the Supreme Court ruled that Puerto Ricans were not aliens and could enter the United States freely; however, the court stopped short of declaring them U.S. citizens.

n In 1948, Burma became independent of British rule.

n In 1951, during the Korean conflict, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces captured the city of Seoul.

n In 1960, French author Albert Camus died in an automobile accident at age 46.

n In 1965, poet T.S. Eliot died in London at age 76.

n In 1974, President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.

n In 1987, 16 people were killed when an Amtrak train bound from Washington to Boston collided with Conrail locomotives that had crossed into its path from a side track in Chase, Md.

n In 1995, the 104th Congress convened, the first entirely under Republican control since the Eisenhower era.

n Ten years ago: President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, took credit for policies reducing teenage pregnancy, and said he would work for even greater reductions during the next four years. Real estate mogul Harry Helmsley died in Scottsdale, Ariz., at age 87.

n Five years ago: Sgt. 1st Class Nathan Ross Chapman, a U.S. Army Special Forces soldier, was killed by small-arms fire during an ambush in eastern Afghanistan; he was the first American military death from enemy fire in the war against terrorism. Florida coach Steve Spurrier resigned to pursue an NFL job, two days after leading the Gators to victory over Maryland in the Orange Bowl.

n One year ago: Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon suffered a significant stroke; his official powers were transferred to his deputy, Ehud Olmert. The U.S. Supreme Court agreed that Jose Padilla, held for 3 1/2 years as an "enemy combatant," could be transferred to civilian authorities in Miami. In a triple-overtime game that began Jan. 3 and finished after midnight, No. 3 Penn State beat No. 22 Florida State 26-23 in the Orange Bowl. Texas won college football's championship, beating Southern California 41-38 in the Rose Bowl.

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