WASHINGTON - Senate Democrats call it their first big employment bill of the year: a plan to create or save 280,000 jobs by spending $8 billion to modernize the nation's aging airports.
But as in past years, the legislation – which could send as much as $300 million to Washington state – has stalled over a much smaller issue: how many long-distance flights should be allowed to fly into and out of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport.
Senators from the West Coast, including Democrats Maria Cantwell from Washington and Barbara Boxer from California, want more long flights, even though the plan is vigorously opposed by members of Congress from Virginia and Maryland.
Cantwell, the new chairwoman of the Senate’s aviation subcommittee, has been fighting for more long-distance flights at National for the past four years.
Offering what she called “the perspective of the Pacific Northwest” at a Senate hearing, she said: “We want access to our nation’s capital, and we don’t want to be disadvantaged just because we are regionally in a different part of the country.”
The airport, which was built by the federal government and opened in 1941, is a favorite destination for many members of Congress. It’s across the Potomac River from Washington . The next closest airport, Dulles International, is 26 miles to the west.
But while the location of National Airport makes it popular for both passengers and airlines, the federal government has restricted air traffic since the 1960s in an attempt to ease congestion and spur growth at other nearby airports.
As a result, under federal law, nonstop flights of more than 1,250 miles to and from National Airport are not allowed, with few exceptions. Twelve arrivals and 12 departures are allowed each day from six Western cities: Seattle, Phoenix, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Salt Lake City and Denver.
In 1999, Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona first proposed removing the long-distance flight limits.
TRAFFIC AND NOISE
Critics of the plan say it would create more noise and traffic jams in and around National Airport. And some say that the senators who are pushing the proposal mainly want to make their own travel more convenient.
Other opponents fear that permitting more long-distance flights at National Airport would result in less business for Dulles in Virginia and the region’s third major airport, Baltimore/ Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) in Maryland.
Maryland Democratic Sen. Benjamin Cardin said major companies, such as Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics and IBM, located themselves around BWI because the airport helped create an attractive business climate. And he said the State of Maryland is heavily invested in BWI’s success, having spent more than $1.5 billion on the airport over the last decade.
And in Virginia, Democratic Rep. Jim Moran said that National Airport “was not designed to be a long-haul airport.” He said Congress must pass legislation “that doesn’t jeopardize our investment in Dulles; overwhelm security, scheduling, baggage, and parking at National; or negatively impact local residents by noise from long-haul flights.”
Backers of the plan have a key proponent in Democratic Sen. Jay Rockefeller of West Virginia, the chairman of the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee. He said he’s sensitive to the demands for more flights.
“It’s the West that’s growing in population much more than the East,” Rockefeller said. “And so getting flights out of D.C. into the western portions of our country is extremely important.”
The issue is part of a broader debate over whether to reauthorize funding for the Federal Aviation Administration. Since the last FAA bill expired in 2007, Congress has passed 17 short-term extensions because of the impasse, and some are getting impatient with the delays.
It’s uncertain exactly how much of the $8 billion in the airports bill would go to Washington state and its individual airports. But based on allocations from prior years, the state would likely receive between $200 million and $300 million, according to Jared Leopold, a spokesman for Cantwell.